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Silk Business

pdf imageSilk Industry - Click here for info booklet. (Marathi)(13.5 MB)

pdf imageSilk Industry - Click here for info booklet. Part I (Marathi) (8.74 MB)

pdf imageSilk Industry - Click here for info booklet. Part II (English) (14.37 MB)

Like Dairy and poultry farming, silk farming can also be done as a side business along with agriculture. This business can be started at a very low cost and the available materials that the farmers already have. With the new style of Tuti plantation and silkworm cultivation, this business can be done with very fewer efforts and on a large scale. This business can be done with the help of all members of the family; big and small. In a month’s period, the farmers can gain maximum profit in minimum time.

The Government has assured the farmers of purchasing their yield at good prices. Tuti plantation can be done in any type of soil. If the plantation is done in a Striped pattern, it helps in growth of the final yield. Striped Pattern consumes very less water. For Eg: Thrice the amount of Tuti plantation can be done in the same amount of water that is required for 1 acre of sugarcane plantation. Once planted, Tuti lives for 15 years, and hence the cost of planting it every year is reduced to nil. Even in the summer months of April and May, if Tuti does not get water, it does not die.

This business can be done by farmers owning a very small piece of land as well as farmers with big lands. The farmers doing this business can earn as the farmers dealing with dairy and poultry farming as well as those with sugar cane and grapes farming business. With the help of Striped pattern, this farming does not require too many tools and manual labour. When the plantation is done in a striped pattern, then other farming can also be done on a side-to-side basis. Tuti plants’ immunity is quite good and so the expenses on insecticides are saved. The Government provides the silkworm eggs at very subsidized rates. Silkworm lives for 28 days, out of those, they only need to be fed on the Tuti leaves for 24 days. Out of those 24 days, the Govt. provides help to cultivate the silkworms for initial 10 days. So, the farmers only need to take care of the silkworms for 14 days.

Due to this, the farmers’ time, money, and labour are saved and also they get 25% profit in production. In the agricultural field, there is no other source that can give an earning in 14 days. The educated unemployed youth, who do not have a job, can earn a monthly income through this business, and also enjoy a weekly, offs, like on Sundays. Like other agricultural farming, this does not incur a total and major loss. The Government has assured the purchase of cocoons through the farmers and has set up centers at various places to help them.

Benefits of silk farming:

1. The extracts of silkworms are also used as food for cattle, which is helpful in increasing milk through them.

2. The extracts of silkworms are also used in biogas and is also used as a fertilizer.

3. The dried leaves of Tuti are used as fuel.

4. Due to the silk farming business, Govt. gets foreign currency, and this helps in the progress of the country.

5. Tuti needs to be trimmed every year and the trimmed Tuti is also purchased by the Govt. With this Rs. 3500 to Rs. 4500 per acre is earned every year.

6. The Tuti leaves are rich in vitamin A, hence Tuti leaves and silk cocoons are used in Pyupa Ayurveda.

7. In foreign countries, people make mulberry tea and wine out of it.

8. The dead cocoons are used in skin care products and in Ayurvedic medicines.

9. The dried Tuti leaves that are used in biogas produce a very good type of gas.

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